Hydrostation 'S' Publications

  • Archer, S.D., Ragni, M., Webster, R., Airs, R.L. and Geider, R.J., (2010). Dimethyl sulfoniopropionate and dimethyl sulfide production in response to photoinhibition in Emiliania huxleyi. Limnol. Oceanogr., 55, 1579-1589.
  • Babiker, I. S., M. A. A. Mohamed, K. Komaki, K. Ohta, and K. Kato. (2004). Temporal variations in the dissolved nutrient stocks in the surface water of the western North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Oceanography, 60: 553-562
  • Babin, S. M., Carton, J.A., Dickey, T.D., and Wiggert, J...D. (2004) Satellite evidence of hurricane-induced phytoplankton blooms in an oceanic desert. J. Geophys. Res., 109.
  • Bailey, K.E., Toole, D.A., Blomquist, B., Najjar, R.G., Huebert, B., Kieber, D.J., Kiene, R.P., Matrai, P., Westby, G.R. and Valle, D.A. (2008). Dimethylsulfide production in Sargasso Sea eddies. Deep-Sea research II, 55, 1491-1504.
  • Bates, N.R., Amat, A. and Andersson, A.J. (2010) Feedbacks and responses of coral calcification on the Bermuda reef system to seasonal changes in biological processes and ocean acidification. Biogeosciences, 7, 2509- 2530.
  • Bates, N.R., and Peters, A.J. (2007) The contribution of atmospheric acid deposition to ocean acidification in the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 107, 547-558.
  • Bates, N.R., Pequignet, C., R.J. Johnson and Gruber, N., (2002) A short-term sink for atmospheric CO2 in subtropical mode water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 420, 489-493.
  • Bates, N.R. (2001) Interannual variability of oceanic CO2 and biogeochemical properties in the Western North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 1507-1528.
  • Belviso, S. and Caniaux, G. (2009) A new assessment in North Atlantic waters of the relationship between DMS concentration and the upper mixed layer solar radiation dose. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB1014.
  • Biers, E.J., Sun, S. and Howard, E.C. (2009) Prokaryotic genomes and diversity in surface ocean waters: interrogating the global ocean sampling metagenome. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75, 2221-2229.
  • Brix, H., Gruber, N., and Keeling, C.D. (2004). Interannual variability of the upper ocean carbon cycle at station ALOHA near Hawaii. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18.
  • Carlson, C. A., Giovannoni, S.J., Hansell, D.H., Goldberg, S.J., Parsons, R. and Vergin, K. (2004) Interactions among dissolved organic carbon, microbial processes, and community structure in the mesopelagic zone of the northwestern Sargasso Sea. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1073- 1083.
  • Cho, J. C., and Giovannoni, S.J. (2004) Oceanicola granulosus gen. nov., sp nov and Oceanicola batsensis sp nov., poly-beta-hydroxybutyrateproducing marine bacteria in the order 'Rhodobacterales'. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 1129-1136
  • Connelly, D.P., Statham, P.J. and Knap A.H. (2006). Seasonal changes in speciation of dissolved chromium in the surface Sargasso Sea. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, 1975-1988.
  • Cropp, R. A., J. Norbury, J., Gabric, A.J. and Braddock, R.D. (2004) Modeling dimethylsulphide production in the upper ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18.
  • Danabasoglu, G. and McWilliams, J.C., (2000) An upper-ocean model for short-term climate variability. Journal of Climate, 13, 3380-3411.
  • Doney, S.C., Hood, M. (2002) A Global Ocean Carbon Observation System- A Background Report. A Contribution to the Integrated Global Observing System (IGOS), UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission IOC/INF-1173, 55p.
  • Dore, J.E., Lukas, R., Sadler, D.W., Church, M.J. and Karl, D.M. (2009) Physical and biogeochemical modulation of ocean acidification in the central North Pacific. (www.pnasorg/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0906044106).
  • Ducklow, H.W., Doney, S.C. and Steinberg, D.K. (2009) Contributions of longterm research and time-series observations to marine ecology and biogeochemistry. Annual Review of Marine Science, 1, 279-302.
  • Ewart, C.S., Meyers, M.K., Wallner, E.R., McGillicuddy, D.J. and Carlson, C.A. (2008) Microbial dynamics in cyclonic and anticyclonic mode-water eddies in the northwestern Sargasso Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 55, 1334-1347.
  • Ezer, T., (1999) Decadal variabilities of the upper layers of the subtropical North Atlantic: An ocean model study. J. Phys.Oceanogr. 29, 3111-3124.
  • Ghai, R., Martin-Cuadrado, Gonzaga, M., Heredia, I.G., Cabrera, R., Martin, J., Verdu, M., Deschamps, P., Moreira, D., Lopez-Garcia, P., Mira, A. and Rodriguuez-Valera, F. (2010) Metagenome of the Mediterranean deep chlorophyll maximum studied and fosmid library 454 pyrosequencing. International Society for Microbial Ecology, 4, 1154-1166.
  • Goodkin, N.F., Hughen, K.A., Cohen A.L. and Smith S.R. (2005) Record of little ice age sea surface temperatures at Bermuda using a growth-dependent calibration of coral Sr/Ca. Paleoceanography, 20, PA4016.
  • Goodkin, N.F., Hughen, K.A., Curry, W.B., Doney, S.C. and Ostermann, D.R. (2008) Sea surface temperature and salinity variability at Bermuda during the end of the Little Ice Age. Paleoceanography, 23, PA3203.
  • Gruber, N., Bates, N.R., Keeling, C.D., and Le Quéré, C. (2001) Interannual variability in the extra-tropical ocean carbon cycle: The role of the North Atlantic. 6th International CO2 meeting, Sendai, Japan.
  • Haidar, A.T., Thierstein, H.R., and Deuser, W.G. (2000) Calcareous phytoplankton standing stocks, fluxes and accumulation in Holocene sediments off Bermuda (N. Atlantic). Deep-Sea Research (Part 2, Topical Studies in Oceanography), 47, 1907-1938.
  • Haidar, A.T., and Thierstein, H.R. (2001) Coccolithophore dynamics off Bermuda (N. Atlantic) Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 1925-1956.
  • Henry-Edwards A. and Tomczak, M. (2005) Remote detection of water property changes from a time series of oceanographic data. Ocean Science Discussions, 2, 399-415
  • Johnson, R.J. (2003) Climatic and mesoscale modulation of the upper ocean at the Bermuda time-series sites. Ph.D. thesis, University of Southampton, U.K.
  • Johnson, R.J., Knap, A.H. Bates, N.R., Whitefield, J.D, Kadko D. and Lomas, M.L. (2008) Coordinated Change in the Heat, Salinity and CO2 Budgets of the Mesopelagic Zone at the Bermuda Time-series sites. Ocean Sciences meeting, Orlando 2008 (oral presentation)
  • Kadko, D. and Johnson R.J. (2008) Insights into 18-degree mode water formation from measurements of 7-Be at the Bermuda Time-series Station. Ocean Sciences Meeting, Orlando 2008 (oral presentation).
  • Kadko, D. (2009) Rapid oxygen utilization in the ocean twilight zone assessed with the cosmogenic isotope 7Be. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB4010.
  • Kadko, D. and Prospero, J. (2011) Deposition of 7Be to Bermuda and the regional ocean: environmental factors affecting estimates of atmospheric flux to the ocean. J.Geophys.Res., 116, C02013.
  • Karl, D.M., Bates, N.R., Emerson, S., Harrison. P.J., Jeandal, C., Liu, K.K., Marty J.-C., Michaels A.F., Miquel, J.C., Neuer, S., Nojiri, Y., and Wong, C.S., (2001) Temporal studies of biogeo-chemical processes in the worldʼs oceans during the JGOFS era. Deep-Sea Research (in review)
  • Kelly, A.E., Reuer, M.K., Goodkin, N.F. and Boyle, E.A. (2009) Lead concentrations and isotopes in corals and water near Bermuda, 1780- 2000. Earth and Planetary Science letters, 283, 93, 91-100.
  • Knapp, A. N., D. M. Sigman, and F. Lipschultz. (2005) N isotopic composition of dissolved organic nitrogen and nitrate at the Bermuda Atlantic timeseries study site. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19.
  • Le Clainche, Y., Levasseur, M., Vezina, A., Dacey,, J.H. and Saucier, F.J. (2004) Behavior of the ocean DMS(P) pools in the Sargasso Sea viewed in a coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 61, 788-803.
  • Le Clainche, Y., Vezina, A., Levasseur, M., Cropp, R.A., Gunson, J.R., Vallina, S.M., Vogt, M., Lancelot, C., Allen, J.I., Archer, S.D., Bopp, L., Deal, C., Elliot, S., Jin, M., Malin, G., Schomann, V., Simo, R., Six, K.D. and Stefels, J. (2010) A first appraisal of prognostic ocean DMS models and prospects for their use in climate models. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 24, GB3021.
  • Levitus, S., Antonov, J., Zengxi, Z., Dooley, H., Tsereschenkov, V., Gulev S., and Michaels. A.F., (2000) Observational evidence of the Decadal-Scale Variability of the North Atlantic Ocean. National Academy of Sciences Workshop on "Decadal-to-Century Time Scales of Climate Variability"
  • Lipschultz, F., Bates, N.R., Carlson, C.A. and Hansell, D.A. (2002) New production in the Sargasso Sea: History and current status. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 1-17.
  • Lima, I. D., and S. C. Doney. (2004). A three-dimensional, multinutrient, and size-structured ecosystem model for the North Atlantic. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18.
  • Lipschultz, F., Bates, N.R., Carlson, C.A. and Hansell, D.A. (2002) New production in the Sargasso Sea: History and current status. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16(1), 1-17.
  • Lomas, M. W., A. Swain, R. Shelton, and J. W. Ammerman. (2004) Taxonomic variability of phosphorus stress in Sargasso Sea phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 49, 2303-2310.
  • Losa, S. N., Kivman, G.A.. and V. A. Ryabchenko. (2004) Weak constraint parameter estimation for a simple ocean ecosystem model: what can we learn about the model and data? Journal of Marine Systems 45, 1-20.
  • Madin, L.P., Horgan, E.F. and Steinberg, D.K. (2001) Zooplankton at the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) station: diel, seasonal and interannual variation in biomass, 1994-1998. Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 2063-2082.
  • Miles, C.J., Bell, T.G. and Lenton,T.M. (2009) Testing the relationship between the solar radiation dose and surface DMS concentrations using in situ data. Biogeosciences, 6 1927-1934.
  • Molinari, R.L. (2011) Information from low-density expendable bathythermograph transects: North Atlantic mean temperature structure and quasi-decadal variability. Progress in Oceanography, 88, 131-149.
  • Morris, R. M., Rappe, M.S., Urbach, E., Connon, S.A.and Giovannoni, S.J. (2004) Prevalence of the Chloroflexi-related SAR202 bacterioplankton cluster throughout the mesopelagic zone and deep ocean. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70: 2836-2842.
  • Morrison, J. R., and Nelson, N.B. (2004) Seasonal cycle of phytoplankton UV absorption at the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) site. Limnology and Oceanography 49, 215-224.
  • Nelson, N. B., Siegel, D.A. and Yoder, J.A. (2004) The spring bloom in the northwestern Sargasso Sea: spatial extent and relationship with winter mixing. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 51, 987-1000.
  • Ono, S., Najjar, R., Ennyu, A., and Bates, N.R. (2001) Shallow remineralization in the Sargasso Sea estimated from seasonal variations in oxygen and dissolved inorganic carbon. Deep-Sea Res. II, 48(8-9), 1567-1582.
  • Palter J.B., Lozier M.S. and Barber R.T. (2005) The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature, 437, 687- 692.
  • Pelejero, C., Calvo, E. and Hoegh-Guldberg, O. (2010) Paleo-perspectives on ocean acidification. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25, 332-344.
  • Phillips, H.E. and Joyce, T.M (2006) Bermudaʼs tale of two time series: Hydrostation ʻSʼ and BATS. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37:554-571.
  • Renaud, S. and Klass, C., (2001) Seasonal variations in the morphology of the coccolithophore Calcidiscus leptoporus off Bermuda (N. Atlantic). J. Plankton Res., 23, 779-795.
  • Rossby, T., Flagg, C.N. and Donohue, K. (2005) Interannual variations in upper-ocean transport by the Gulf Stream and adjacent waters between New Jersey and Bermuda. Journal of Marine Research 63: 203-226.
  • Schollaert, S. E., Rossby, T. and Yoder, J.A. (2004) Gulf Stream cross-frontal exchange: possible mechanisms to explain interannual variations in phytoplankton chlorophyll in the Slope Sea during the SeaWiFS years. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 51, 173- 188.
  • Schollaert, S. E., Rossby, T. and Yoder, J.A. (2004) Gulf Stream cross-frontal exchange: possible mechanisms to explain interannual variations in phytoplankton chlorophyll in the Slope Sea during the SeaWiFS years. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 51, 173- 188.
  • Schuster, U., Watson, A.J., Bates, N.R., Corbiere, A., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Metzel, N., Pierrot, D. and Santana-Casiano, M. (2009) Trends in North Atlantic sea-surface fCO2 from 1990 to 2006. Deep-Sea Res. II.,56, 620- 629.
  • Scott, R.B., Holland, C.L. and Quinn, T.M. (2010) Multidecadal trend in instrumental SST and coral proxy Sr/Ca records. J. Climate, 23, 1017- 1033.
  • Sedwick P.N., Church T.M., Bowie A.R., Marsay C.M., Usher S.J., Achilles K.M., Lethaby P.J., Johnson R.J., Sarin M.M. and McGillicuddy D.J. (2005). Iron in the Sargasso Sea (BATS region) during summer: Eolian imprint, spatiotemporal variability and ecological implications. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19, GB4006, doi:10.1029/2004 GB002445.
  • Stramska, M. (2010) The diffusive component of particulate organic carbon export in the North Atlantic estimated from SeaWiFS ocean color. DeepSea Research I, 57, 284-296.
  • Takahashi, T., Sutherland, S.G., Sweeney, C., Poisson, A.P., Metzl, N., Tilbrook, B., Bates, N.R., Wanninkhof, R.H., Feely, R.A., Sabine, C.L., Olafsson, J., and Nojri, Y. (2002) Global sea-air CO2 flux based on climatolgical surface ocean pCO2 and seasonal and biological effects. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1601-1622.
  • Thrash, C.J., Stingl, U., Cho, J-C., Ferriera, S., Johnson, J., Vergin, K.L. and Giovannoni, S.J. (2010). Genome sequence of the novel marine member of the Gammaproteobaacteria strain HTCC5015. Journal of Bacteriology, July 2010, 3838-3839.
  • Thrash, C.J., Cho, J-C., Bertabnolli, A.D., Ferriera, S., Johnson, J., Vergin, K.L. and Giovannoni, S. (2011) Genome sequence of the marine Janibacter Sp. Strain HTCC2649. Journal of bacteriology, January 2011, 584-585.
  • Toole, D. A., and Siegel, D.A. (2004) Light-driven cycling of dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the Sargasso Sea: Closing the loop. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31.
  • Tucker, K.P., Parsons, R., Symonds, E.M. and Breitbart, M. (2010) Diversity and distribution of single-stranded DNA phages in the North Atlantic Ocean. International Society of Microbial Ecology, December 2010, doi:10.1038/ismej.2010.188.
  • Ullman, D.J., McKinley, G.A., Bennington, V. and Dutkiewicz, S. (2009). Trends in the North Atlantic carbon sink: 1992-2006. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 23, GB4011
  • Venter, J.C., Remington, K, Heidelberg, J.F, A.L.Halpern, Rusch, D., Eisen, J.A., Wu, D., Paulsen, I., Nelson, K., Nelson, W., Fouts, D.E., Levy, S., Knap, A.H., Lomas, M.W., Nealson, K., White, O., Peterson, J., Hoffman, J., Parsons, R., Baden-Tillson, H., Pfannkock, C., Rogers, Y. and Smith, H.O., (2004). Environmental genome shotgun sequencing of the Sargasso Sea. Science, 304, 66-74.
  • Weber, L., Volker, C., Scharau, M. and Wolf-Gladrow, D.A. (2005). Modeling the speciation and biogeochemistry of iron at the Bermuda Atlantic Timeseries Study site. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19, GB1019, doi:10.1029/2004GB002340.
  • Whitefield, J.D., R.J. Johnson and Knap A.H. (2008). Deep-water variability at the Bermuda time-series sites. Paper presented at the Ocean Sciences meeting, Am. Soc. of Limnol. and Oceanogr., Orlando, Fla., 2–7 March.
  • Willey, J. D., Kieber, R.J. and G. B. Avery. (2004) Effects of rainwater iron and hydrogen peroxide on iron speciation and phytoplankton growth in seawater near Bermuda. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 47, 209-222.

Project Contact

Dr. Rod Johnson
Assistant Scientist
Tel: 441-297-1880 x699


Professor Nicholas Bates
Senior Scientist and Director of Research
Tel: 441-297-1880 x209